Soccer Injuries

Soccer Injuries are generally defined as either acute(traumatic) injuries or cumulative(overuse) injuries.

:Acute or traumatic injuries occur due to a sudden force or impact, and can be quite dramatic.

:Overuse injuries occur over time due to stress on the muscles, joints and soft tissues without proper time for healing. They begin as a small, nagging ache or pain, and can grow into a debilitating injury if they arent treated early.

Ankle Sprains
The most common of all ankle injuries. An ankle sprain occurs when there is a stretching and tearing of ligaments surrounding the ankle joint. The numerous ligaments around the ankle can become pulled and torn when the ankle is forced into a position not normally encountered.

The most common cause of an ankle sprain is applying weight to the foot when it is in an inverted or everted position. This usually happens when running or jumping on an uneven surface. The foot rolls in or out aand the ligaments are stretched. Occasionally a loud snap or pop is heard at the time of the sprain. This is usually followed up by pain and swelling. Ankle sprains are classed by the degree of severity.
Grade 1 : Stretch or and minor tear of the ligament without loosening
Grade 2 : Tear of ligament plus some loosening
Grade 3 : Complete tear of the affected ligament (very loose)

Treating Ankle Sprains
For immediate relief, follow the R.I.C.E. treatment plan. Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation are the best immediate treatment for all pulls and strains. Many of the problems resulting from sprains are to to blood and edema in and around the ankle, therefore it is important to minimise the swelling. After applying the ice, wrap the ankle in an ace bandage or wrap it to keep it supported and compressed. An anti-inflammatory can be helpful to reduce pain and inflammation for the first 7-10 days. Rest : avoid weight bearing for the first 24 hours.
Ice : apply to ankle joint for no longer than 20 mins every 2 hrs for the first 24 hrs.
Compression : wrap the ankle from toes to calf with an elasticated bandage to help prevent swelling and edema.
Elevation : raise the ankle above the hip or heart to reduce swelling. If swelling doesn’t subside between 48-72 hrs seek futher treatment for complete evaluation.

If unable to weight bear within 48hrs, seek medical treatment.

Remember: Rest Ice Compression Elevation

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